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Source: Shutterstock

Source: Shutterstock


We’ve been working this online college series for a long time, focusing exclusively on what it takes to go to college affordably. Today I want to switch gears and talk about what you should be doing once you get there, with a review of the best and worst majors for income and employment. There are a lot of qualitative reasons to choose a major – aptitude, interest, etc… In a perfect world we could choose any major we like, study interesting subjects, learn philosophy, art, math and science and then head on to the real world to pursue our dreams.

In the real world it’s not so simple. We have to consider our opportunities post college. For example, petroleum engineering undergrads earn a median $4.8M over their lifetime ($136k a year) which is three times the $1.4M (or $39k a year) for an early-childhood education graduate. These are real practical considerations that you need to consider that will have significant long-term impact on your lifestyle, financial position, and social strata.

Unemployment is already much lower for college graduates that those without a degree. For recent high school graduates the unemployment rate peaked at 18.9% and is still incredibly high at 17.8%. Recent college grads have fared much better. According new a new study by Georgetown, unemployment for college grads fell from 7.9% in 2009-2010 to 7.5% in 2011-2012. The report also states that unemployment among experienced workers with a high school diploma aged 35 to 54 peaked at 10.7% and has since declined only slightly to 9.9%.


10 Majors with the Highest Unemployment Rate


As you can see below there’s a clear trend. The liberal arts dominate the unemployed with psychology picking up four spots!  The field of psychology dominates here, with extraordinarily high unemployment rates. Most of the rest seem largely geared toward education.

Clinical Psychology – 19.5% unemployment

Miscellaneous Fine Arts – 16.2% unemployment

United States History – 15.1% unemployment

Library Science – 15.0% unemployment

Educational Psychology – 10.9% unemployment

Military Technologies – 10.9% unemployment

Architecture – 10.6% unemployment

Industrial and Organizational Psychology – 10.4% unemployment

Miscellaneous Psychology – 10.3% unemployment

Linguistics and Comparative Language and Literature – 10.2% unemployment


10 Majors With the Highest Employment Rate


The majors below are quite in demand. There’s a lot of STEM in there plus a bit of education. Surprisingly there are less engineering majors in there than I would have thought and nothing for business majors. It’s quite varied.


Actuarial Science – 0.0% unemployment

Pharmacology – 0.0% unemployment

Educational Administration and Supervision – 0.0% unemployment

School Student Counseling – 0.0% unemployment

Geological and Geophysical Engineering – 0.0% unemployment

Astronomy and Astrophysics – 0.0% unemployment

Teacher Education: Multiple Levels – 1.1% unemployment

Agricultural Economics – 1.3% unemployment

Medical Technologies Technicians – 1.4% unemployment

Atmospheric Sciences and Meteorology – 1.6% unemployment


Looked at in terms of dollars and cents, earnings among recent bachelor’s degree holders aged 22 to 26 range from $31,000 for Arts and Psychology and Social Work majors to $57,000 among those who majored in Engineering.




College grads in general do better than high school only by a good margin. They average college graduate earns $1.2M in a lifetime while a high school graduate only hits $580k. That’s a 200 percent increase! However we do need to keep in mind that causation does not equal correlation. It’s quite possible that because college is for the more prestigious route and requires a higher standard, you are getting a better caliber of talent and ambition. The difference in earnings also varies widely by major and university.


Average annual income of the 10 highest-paying majors


Clear trend here. Go to school for engineering. It’s that simple. Your career prospects are incredibly high, as is your starting and median salary. What’s not mentioned here is you will also work for some of the last companies in the U.S. that have incredibly generous benefits (bonus, 401k, matches, pensions, stock, etc…).


Petroleum engineering: $136,000

Pharmacy, pharmaceutical sciences and administration: $113,000

Metallurgical engineering: $98,000

Mining and mineral engineering: $97,000

Chemical engineering: $96,000

Electrical engineering: $93,000

Aerospace engineering: $90,000

Mechanical engineering: $87,000

Computer engineering: $87,000

Geological and geophysical engineering: $87,000



Average annual income of the 10 lowest-paying majors


What doesn’t do well? Exactly what you would picture. Liberal arts, education, and other degrees without clear career paths.


Early childhood education: $39,000

Human services and community organization: $41,000

Studio arts: $42,000

Social work: $42,000

Teacher education, multiple levels: $42,000

Visual and performing arts: $42,000

Theology and religious vocations: $43,000

Elementary education: $43,000

Drama and theater arts: $ 45,000

Family and consumer sciences: $45,000



Hope to keep discussing majors. Obviously science and engineering isn’t for everybody and you can take anything out there and build an amazing career. Here I wanted to just explore some basic numbers because I don’t think that most college freshman consider these issues when they start exploring majors, particularly when debt and student loans are involved.


About Adam Chudy

Adam Chudy is an analyst, writer and investor living in Houston, TX with his girlfriend and a house full of dogs. You can find more of his writing over at and follow him on twitter @ AdamChudy.

Original article published here.

This is a part of a multi-post series on graduating college debt free. Check out the other posts below:

How I graduated from college debt free

How to Graduate College Debt Free – Part 1. AP Classes

How to Graduate College Debt Free – Part 2. Community College

How to Graduate College Debt Free – Part 3. CLEP Tests

How to Graduate College Debt Free – Part 4. Scholarships

How to Graduate College Debt Free – Part 5. Tuition Reimbursement

How to Graduate College Debt Free – Part 6. Financial Aid


Posted 10.12.2015 - 03:23 pm EDT

Filed under

College Employment Income Majors Student Debt unemployment rate youth employment

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GenFKD Staff